Taking on debt can help unlock a lot of opportunities. But having a lot of debt can signal financial stress. So how much is too much debt?

How Much Debt is… Too Much?

The problem isn’t having debt, it’s not being able to pay it off. When carrying debt no longer provides value, and instead is a burden (one that is racking up interest), it can become too much. Since everyone’s financial situations are different, there’s no magic number to point to when determining if you have too much debt. But there are some indicators that can help you see where you stand. Here are 6 signals that someone may have too much debt.

A High Debt-To-Income Ratio

A high debt-to-income ratio (DTI) can make it hard to manage debt and qualify for new credit. Most financial experts will agree that a DTI higher than 43% will make it hard not only to qualify for new credit, but it can also signal that someone is struggling to pay off the debts they have.

You can calculate your debt-to-income ratio by adding all of your monthly debt payments and divide it by your gross monthly income.

Using Too Much Credit That’s Available

Have you been close to maxing out a credit card recently? One of the signs of too much credit card debt is a high credit utilization ratio. If someone is using too much of their total available credit, it may signal to lenders that the person can’t afford the amount of credit they have.

Only Making the Minimum Payment on Credit Card Balances

The general rule when using credit cards is to only use as much you can afford. So, if someone is just paying the minimum on high credit card balances, they may be struggling to pay off their total balance.

Borrowing from Peter to Pay Paul

When someone is frequently moving money around just to pay off bills, it could be a sign that they are struggling to pay their bills and have too much debt. For example, if someone has grown a habit of opening up new credit cards after maxing out their old one, they may have too much debt.

Credit Card Payments are Higher than All Other Debt Payments

One of the biggest indicators of too much debt can be figured out by comparing the debt you have.  If your credit card payments are higher than all of your other debt payments, you may have too much credit card debt.

Money = Constant Stress

If thinking about how you’re going to make your monthly payments is a constant source of stress in your life, it may be a sign of too much debt. While being stressed about money is normal every now and then, if money woes have not let up recently, it might be because there’s simply too much debt. Money stress can bubble up in several different ways, but one of the most common is to avoid everyday expenses, like a dentist visit or late utility payments.

What to Do If You Have Too Much Debt

Not having the money to pay your bills and balances can be scary. But there are actions you can take to help you get started on reducing debt.

Get organized

  • Hit the reset button on your budget. Get a full picture of your finances and where your money is going. This can help you identify which debts you want to work on first.
  • Know your credit score and debt-to-income ratio. Get a copy of your credit report and calculate your DTI so you’ll know where you stand.
  • Understand the difference between debt that can help you and debt that won’t. Any debt that isn’t going to add value later in life (Which could include an auto loan or credit card debt) is likely what you’ll want to pay off sooner.

Find a debt payoff strategy you can commit to

There’s a lot of choices when figuring out how you’ll actually pay off debt. Some of the ways to manage debt include:

Learn more: The 4 steps to building a debt reduction plan that can work for you.